THE MOUNTAIN EAGLE, WHITESBURG, KY.
The United States Today Is, Above All Others,
a Railroading Nation
BIRTH OF BABf
By C. H. MARKHAM, President Illinois Central System.
year is the centennial of the railroads. It was on
27, 1825, that the Stockton & Darlington railway in England
thrown open to operation under an act that provided for
hauling of wagons and other carriages upon the line "with men
or horses or otherwise." ''Otherwise" was the loophole which allowed
George Stephenson, engineer of the road and an experimenter with steam
engines, to persuade his company to use a steam locomotive, to haul its
first train. That train, with its prophetic load of coal, flour and passengers, moved at an average rate of eight miles an hour.
Only a few years after the opening of the world's first railroad, in
England, our own nation took up the novelty, with what result you all can
recognize today. Railroads, it seemed, were exactly what the vast land
areas of this country needed. The United States today is, above all others,
a railroading nation. The people of our country owe more to the railroads than the people of most countries do, because the greater part of
our existence and growth as an independent nation has been coincident)
with the railway era. Today, with only about
of the world's
land area, we possess in this country approximately one-thiof the total
railway mileage of the world, and our railroads lead those of all other
nations in the high quality and low cost of their service.
Our nation today is the richest and most advanced nation of the
world. It has become so largely because it has enj'oyed for nearly a century a form of transportation excellently adapted to its great uistances
and its wide variety of products. Because of cheap and efficient railway
transportation, available in all parts of the country, the prcducts of all
regions today are to be obtained in every region. The products of every
region can be and are marketed in all regions. Passengers are moved
long distances with great rapidity.
Trouble Caused by Getting
Up Too Soon. Relieved by
1 along Lydia E. Pinkham a
Talcvffle, New York.
wouia interest you to Know wjat Dene-aenvea
Int I . tae
Imedtane. the birth
got up too quick.
TIi en just before my
fifth child was born I
had inflammation of
the bladder and dis
in a .Liverpool lJig-lannaner I betran
taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound and that was the best confinement 1 had. Whenever"! feel rundown I always take the Veeetable
Compound as a tonic "We have just
removea irom isrocKviuo (uanaaaj so i.
was pieasea wnen tne store ordered the
medicine for me and I got it today. I
would not be without it for any price
and I recommend it to ladies around
here because I feel so sure it will bene
fit any woman who takes
Agnes Wignall, Talcville, New York.
Women can denend nnon Lvdia R.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound to relieve T7
them . from ills peculiar to their
ckmu tur Boiu py aruggisis everywnere.
Most Extravagant Machine Ever Devised for the
Pleasure of Man
By WILLIAM ASHDOWN, in Atlantic Monthly.
80c and 90c bottles
Debt, debt, debt, for a costly article that depreciates very rapidly
and has an insatiable appetite for money. To be sure, the monev goes out
in small lots, but the toll is large if it be reckoned for a year, and this
the average man has not the courage to face; or facing it, he has not the
courage to quit He must keep his car.
The avalanche of automobile owners is not a. good omen. It signifies
that the people are living either up to their means or beyond them ; that
the old margin of safety no longer obtains ; that the expense account must
constantly increase. The race to outdo the other fellow is a mad race indeed. The ease with which a car can be purchased on the
plan is all too easy a road to ruin.
The habit of thrift can never be acquired through so wasteful a
medium as an automobile. Instead, the habit of spending must be acquired, for with the constant demand for fuel, oil, and repairs, together
with the heavy depreciation, the automobile stands unique as the most
extravagant piece of machinery ever devised for the pleasure of man.
Of Hair and Skin
So an to Geuue
Ointment to Hoal
Police Arrest Rooster
After a vicious rooster had attacked
Miss Lela Hanthorn of Lansing, Mich,
as she was walking on the street the
police were called nnd Impounded It on
the grounds that Its size and dlsposl
tlon made It a public menace as well
as a nuisance.
By JOHN DICKINSON
Dublin Dock Extension
Alexandra dock at Dublin Is to be
extended by 150 feet with a depth of
35 feet to low water. The chairman
of the harbor board said that It was
very Important that the public should
know that there was accommodation
In the port of Dublin for vessels of the
largest draught The sooner the work
was completed the better. Family
In one minute or lestthe pain ends. Dr.
Is the safe, sure, healing
treatment for corns At drug and shoe stores.
)ut on - pain is
soothing touch of
Resinol Ointment rarely
fails to give quick relier
The Greek government Is making
Industry. In order to avoid
the necessity of importing thread, the
Greek department of commerce has
bought machinery for setting up three
Spinning mills at Sparea, Caesarea and
KIrchehIr, the main carpet centers.
For Two Score Years and
Ten She Has Taken
"I was just 18 when I commenced
to take Beecham's Pills. They
have been of great benefit to me
pation, and biliousness.
March I will be 68 years old so you
see I have lived to a good old age.1
Miss ELEANOR WILCOX
Newburgh, N. Y."
For FREE SAMPLE write
B. F. AU en Co., 417 Canal Street, NewYoik
Buy from your drueelat In 25 and 50c boxes
For biliousness, sick headaches and
vessel provided, of course, you
have never seen a picture of her
and have not read a detailed
description of her and do not know
her history? Your impression
probably is pretty vague. Yon
doubtless visualize a craft big
enough to be safe and to make the
President and his guests comfortable. And you, as
a good American, hope It Is
to be in keeping with the dignity of the office.
Well, tho Mayflower is quite satisfactory In all
respects as the Presidential yacht She Is not only
sightly, fast safe and commodious, but she Is up
to date In all respects. And this Is" as It should
be, since the commander In chief of the army and
navy of the United States of America the richest
and most powerful nation of earth should go In
proper style when he puts out to sea. "Jeffersonlan
simplicity" was doubtless all very well In Its day,
but times have changed and we change with them
-- or should.
We get the word "yacht" from the Dutch
'Jacht" pleasure boat The Mayflower, to be
sure, was designed and built for a pleasure boat
but she Is considerably more than that She Is
one of the "miscellaneous craft" belonging to the
United States navy. She was bought In wartime
for war purposes, has done service of many kinds
and has a history. She Is the Presidential yacht
because she Is assigned by the Navy department
to the use of the man who occupies the Presidential office.
It was President Roosevelt who had the original
inspiration and put It Into effect with the consent
of congress. In the officers' wardroom on the Mayflower hang the autographed portraits of the five
Presidents who have used and enjoyed the yacht
Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft, Woodrow
Wilson, Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolldge.
President Coolldge appears to have a special
liking for the Mayflower. President Rooseielt was
devoted to the "strenuous life"; he was a hunter
and explorer and In the White House was fond of
boxing and tennis. President Harding thoroughly
enjoyed golf. President Coolldge apparently has a
dash of salt water In his blood. There's nothing
odd nbout that. It's doubtless Inherited from some
Yankee forbear of the days when all
New England was
And he need not
feel lonesome on that account The United States
Is full of such. For the Revolution with all due
respect to Gen. George Washington was largely
won on the sea by the American privateer. In
the War of 1812 It was the Constitution designed
and built by Americans which beat the Mistress
of the Seas at her own game and revolutionized
naval warfare. It was the American clipper ship
of a later period that astonished the world. It was
the America that won "The Cup" and It Is the
American yachtsman who has since defended that
cup against all the world. Every little harbor on
our coast has Its yacht club and every fresh
water lake bigger than a mill pond; even Grand
lake, 9,000 feet up In the Colorado Rockies, has Its
annual race for a LIpton cup. There Is no smarter
allor than the American on all the Seven Seas,
Press reports from White Court, Swampscott
Mass., the "Summer White House" of the Presi
dent's vacation, have shown that the Mayflower
was quite as much In use us was the mansion
itself. Of course, the President had to take his
office with him and from all accounts the May
Germany's Three Calamities: Lost War, Coup
d Etat and Inflation Period
By PROF. ADOLF HARNACK, in Vienna Neue Freie Presse.
Greece Fosters Industry
HEN you read about President
on the "Presidential
yacht" Mayflower and she Is
much In the press nowaways
what Impression do you get of the
great efforts to encourage the
much of the time was the real summer
When the President Is In the White House at
Washington the Mayflower Is In such frequent use
that It Is quite generally known as "White House
No. 2," or the "Mayflower White House." Saturdays are rare In any sort of decent weather when
the Mayflower Isn't flying the President's flag
trip. A roster
and starting out for an
of the President's guests would be a pretty comprehensive list of people of the hour In American
political and official life. The Mayflower has been
the setting of many Important conferences of tho
There Is another side to these week-en- d
on the Mayflower. The President may take his
office with him, but he does not leave his home
behind. Mrs. Coolldge goes with him always and
seems to take equal enjoyment In the yacht and
her voyages. She usually takes along friends who
give the political conferences a wide berth. And
when President and Mrs. Coolldge go aboard they
leave behind them none of the comforts of the
Executive Mansion. When they invite guests they
are assured of their comfort It would convey the
wrong Impression to say that the Mayflower Is u
dream of luxury. Nevertheless, her appointment
Is first-claIn every way. The principal rooms
on the Mayflower Include these: reception room,
dining room, library, smoking room. There are
bed chambers for the President and his wife,
and fourteen guests.
In fact there are all the comforts of home,
transferred to a different setting. Musicians from
the Navy band are frequently taken. That means
a concert as often as desired. The Mayflower has
powerful radio equipment which means that the
best the studios have to offer Is at one's command.
There Is often a picture play at night. The Mayflower sees many a film before Broadway does.
Every Sunday morning Chaplain It. W. Shrum
conducts services on deck If the weather Is fine;
in the state dining saloon If the weather Is bad. So
at least once a week this 1025 Mayflower Is reminiscent of the Mayflower of 1020. And In another
way, too. Is the Mayflower of 1925 suggestive of
the Mayflower of 1G20. You will recall that the
Pilgrims before landing drew up and signed the
"Mayflower Compact" establishing a body politic
to be governed by the will of the majority. Quite
an experiment In democracy I Well, In many ways
there Is the same atmosphere of democracy on the
Mayflower of 1925. Everybody on board takes
part In these religious services President and
guests, officers and crew. And when there Is a
concert or a moving picture why, that Is for "all
The Mayflower Is twenty-nin- e
years old, but she
was well built in the first place, has received good
care and has been brought up to date. So she's
as good as she ever was and better.
George L. Watson designed her. He's the fa- flower
mous British yacht designer who brought out the
Thistle In 1887 for the America's cup. She was
defeated by the Volunteer in two races In September of that year. Watson's design produced In
the Mayflower an appearance of grace and speed
rarely found In vessels of her size. For the Mayflower Is of quite considerable size. She Is 273
feet long and 30 feet beam and her displacement
Is 2,690 tons. During the Harding regime the Navy
department converted her from a
gave her a new teak deck and made
her modern In every respect Her valuation today including appointments is about $1,500,000.
The Mayflower is in command of Capt Adolphus
Andrews, U. S. N., who Is also senior naval aid
to the President She carries a crew of 105 men.
Including a detachment of Marines under command of Lieut. Edgar Allen Poe. All are picked
men, from engineers to sailors, from carpenter!
the United States navy
gaves the Mayflower the best It can supply.
Ogden Goelet, American millionaire yachtsman,
bought the Mayflower In 1890 upon completion at
a famous Scotch shipyard. March 17. 1898, the
Navy department bought her for $430,000 from his
estate; she was needed In the Spanish-America- n
war and the king of the Belgians was negotiating
for her. The Mayflower's first assignment was
that of a despatch boat In the blockage off Cuba.
In 1900 she was on duty at San Juan, Porto
Rico, relieving hurricane victims. In 1902 she
was, for a time, the flagship of Admiral George
Dewey with the North Atlantic fleet. The year
1903 saw our recognition of the Independence of
Panama and the diplomatic beginnings of the
Panama canal; the Mayflower was on the scene
with a naval contingent under Rear Admiral
In July of 1905 the Mayflower returned from a
European cruise and took to Portsmouth, N. H.,
the special envoys of Russia and Japan, who there
drew up the peace terms terminating the
war, through the mediation of President
Roosevelt. In 1907 she went on permanent duty
as the Presidential yacht and was especially In
evidence In 1908 when President Roosevelt reviewed the "Great White Fleet" upon Its return
from Its memorable cruise around the world.
This suggests that It Is the duty of the President, as commander-in-chie- f
of the navy, personally to Inspect the United States fleet during his
tenure of office. It Is an Inspiring occasion when
the Mayflower, flying the President's flag, stands
by as the long line of fighting craft steams by,
each In turn firing the Presidential salute. Yes;
there Is considerable pomp and ceremony about it
all. But there Is a good big patriotic thrill In
It for all good Americans. And It'.s a fair guess
that everyone of them Is pleased that the Mayflower worthily fits Into the occasion.
One who takes into consideration these three calamities the lost
war, the coup d'etat and the inflation period, will not wonder that the
6oul and the body of the German people should be gripped by a dire disease, which finds expression in savage egoism, in a reprehensible passion
for gain, and in infringements upon laws and morals.
The German nation, the most industrious in the world, has never
ceased to work. It is working now also, and, what is more, it is working
twice as hard as before. It would work even still harder if its physical
health were better, and if it could find a richer and wider field for its
toil. As to the work done by our mental workers the students I can
testify out of my own experience that they are working with a greater
diligence than ever. The same is evidenced by our physical workers.
The love of work, which is the mother of all 'civic virtues, is help
ing our people to overcome the influence of evil forces. And already now
one may say: Go and see the German people while at work, and you will
be able to form an idea as to what it is and what it can accomplish !
A Democracy Must Have Contented Citizens as
a Basis of Security
By DR. RAY L. WILBUR, Leland Stanford University.
The immiffrations udou the Pacific coast of the Chinese and .TnnnTipsn
were similar in origin and in effect to the immigrations on the Atlantic
coast One ereat difference was that these immigrations brnuptit with.
them the question of race to which the Americans were particularly sensitive because of their historical background. The instinctive fear of race
mixtures must be understood by all who would appreciate the present
In thi3 attitude of Americans towards race mixtures 'the auestion
of the inferiority of one race or the superiority of another is not pri
marily involved. The attitude depends upon the fear of the birth of chil
dren and the development thereby of citizens who are misplaced socially,
unhappy and inevitable sources of social dissatisfaction and discontent.
ihe understanding that a democracy must have contented citizens
as a basis of security is an instinct developed by the people of the United
Eighteen Years Added to the Average Duration
of Life Since 1855
By LOUIS A. HANSEN, in Life
In 1800 the average length of life in the United States was thirty- in 1855 it was forty years, and in 1920 it was
Eighteen years have been added to the average duration of life since 1855.
From 1910 to 1920 the increase in the life span was four years.
It is generally considered that the larger part of the world's burden
is borne by men above forty years of age. Thus in 1800 the average man
died seven years before he reached the age of his greatest usefulness. In
1920 the average man lived eighteen years beyond this age.
In 1911 a death rate of 17 per 1,000 was generally accepted as nor
mal. Deaths above this rate were considered abnormal or unnatural. Tn
1923 the rate was reduced to 12.3 per 1,000 for the registration area of
the United States, and for 1924 the estimated rate is still lower, 11.6 per,
1,000. Thus in a decade have standards had to change, showing a pos
that is very remarkable.
Country's "Rust" Bill Goes Into Millions
Sir Robert Hadfleld, In a paper on
Corrosion of Ferrous Metals," stated
that during the period from 1800 to
1920 the world's output of iron and
steel was 1,800,000,000 tons and that
the world's loss due to rusting was
600,000,000 tons. He also, stated that
In 1922 the world's production was 00,- 000,000 tons, that the loss due to
actual wearing out was 17,000,000
tons, or about 25 per cent while the
loss due to rusting was 22,000.000
tons, or 33 3 per cent.
The Department of Commerce states
that the steel production of the
United otates for that year amounted
to 45,000.000 tons, or 70 per cent of
the world's production, which had a
value of $3,000,000,000. With this data
It appears that the rust bill of the
woild approximates 50 per cent of
the steel products manufactured In
the United States, and that the world's never been tamed, and packs of them
loss from rusting is In the neighbor- are extremely dangerous to hunters.
Jay K Darling ("Ding"), Cartoonist Ifs easy to be cheerful in
hood of $1,500,000,000. The Thrift Most wolfs can be tamed, but the commenting upon social and economic
conditions in a country like this.
one known as the Ttismanlan devil abpeople
solutely refuses to forget Its wild About 99 per cent of the people are decent, clean,
whose ambition is to be good citizens and who want to have and deserve
Animals You Can't Tame
The black Jaguar Is another animal the respect and friendship of their neighbors. There is no fundamental
All efforts of man have failed to which so far has defied all efforts to
difference between the business man, the farmer and the workman.
tame several wild animals. The Brit- "civilize" It
ish wildcat cannot be tamed, even
when kittens are brought up In capMore than
of all the dried
Doctor Wiedfeldt, Former German Ambassador to United States
tivity. The same Is true of the North fruits exported from the United States
Whenever three American women meet together, the inevitable result is
pass through the port of San
uplift You Americans, especially your women, have a passion for ii
So far the African wild doj has
"orinff xr rafftrmincr thft world.