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Walter J. Binder Papers, 1917-1919

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Author

Processed by Chuck Hill (2004-2008) and Malcolm Tabor (2007).; machine-readable finding aid created by Chuck Hill (May 2008)

Title

Walter J. Binder Papers

Date

1917-1919

Repository

Eastern Kentucky University Archives

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

2004-026: [identification of item], Walter J. Binder Papers, Eastern Kentucky University Archives.

Extent

(10 folders)

Biography/History

Walter J. Binder was born in Covington, KY in 1898 to Frank and Matilda Binder. He was raised in Newport, KY (across the Ohio River from Cincinnati, OH) in a 2nd generation German family. His father, Frank, was a typesetter for the Cincinnati Enquirer for more than 50 years. Walter was the 2nd of three children, the 1910 Federal census shows him, age 12, living with his parents and a younger sister, Alice, age 4. Walter graduated from Newport High School in 1915 and attended the University of Wisconsin until he joined the U.S. Army in 1917. While at college, he worked three jobs to support himself.

After joining the Army, Walter J. Binder was assigned to the U.S. Army Air Service. He served with the 487th Aero Squadron, Air Service of the Army (ASA), to May 23rd 1919. He trained at Kelly Field, San Antonio, TX, before moving with the squadron to Romorantin, France in early 1918. He was promoted to 1st Sgt. on March 1, 1918. He was the official staff photographer but wrote to his father (in a letter that was partially printed in the newspaper) that "I just finished pitching a load of hay. Can you imagine me, a perfectly citified chap, wielding a pitchfork along with the alfalfa farmers from Kansas and Missouri? Of course, they do the same work with far less effort but I kept up and did my bit." He was honorably discharged at Camp Sherman, OH, on May 23, 1919.

When Walter returned to Newport, KY, in 1919, he started a small business in a converted carriage house manufacturing envelopes. He produced the envelopes during the day and delivered them in the evening via streetcar. In 1924 he married Helen Kyle and moved to Ft. Thomas, KY. They had two daughters, Mary Jean and Joyce. Mary Jean Giltner (nee Binder) is the donor of this collection. Between 1919 and 1941, he built his small business into a large company known as the Specialty Envelope Co. This company eventually merged with Western Paper Goods in the early 1940s. Walter served as President of Western paper Goods until his sudden death in 1959.

Scope and Content

This collection consists primarily of photographs that Walter J. Binder took or acquired while serving in WWI. Binder served with the 487th Aero Squadron of the Army Air Service, Allied Expeditionary Forces. Printed material is comprised of official forms of enlistment and discharge as well as notes on postcards and the backs of photographs. Some photographs are captioned (presumably by Binder) but otherwise there is little to identify the location or contents of photographs. All other information given on these photographs is from research conducted by the staff of the University Archives, and is subject to change or correction as needed.

Collection Inventory

f.01
Scope and Contents note:

Kelly Field, Texas and Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France. Kelly Field trained many US aviators and Army Air Service personnel prior to their deployment to France, including Walter J. Binder. The quotations for the Kelly Field postcards are from the back of the cards and were written by Walter J. Binder. The base in France, Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, was home to several other units besides the 487th Aero Squadron, and was comprised of a number of production facilities as well as an airfield for training pilots and for testing aircraft assembled at the Production Center. Several photographs have numbers written in pencil on their backs which may pertain to other units or for the after-the-war report known as Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917-1919 (Vol. 19 deals with Romorantin).

Walter J. Binder studying at University of Wisconsin, 1917. [2004-026-0106]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0106] browse
Walter J. Binder in pilot's gear in front of a truck, ca.1917. [2004-026-0107]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0107] browse
Walter J. Binder portrait in uniform while seated in a tent, ca.1917. [2004-026-0112]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0112] browse
Mess Line Kelly Field. "See our stove? And the hungry expressions? We dress this way the year round in Texas." Postcard, 1917. [2004-026-0082]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0082] browse
Kelly Field Kitchen. "A 'close up' of the stove and interior of the kitchen." Postcard, 1917. [2004-026-0087]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0087] browse
Tarantula. Found in Kelly Field So. San Antonio, Texas. "Life size! How would you like to have a dozen or so of these for bed partners." Postcard, 1917. [2004-026-0086]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0086] browse
A wet day in Kelly Field. Postcard, 1917. [2004-026-0083]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0083] browse
Kelly Field barracks San Antonio, Texas. "The lucky fellows live here." Postcard, 1917. [2004-026-0084]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0084] browse
Texas cactus near Kelly Field San Antonio. "The piece (leaf) I am sending you was cut from a bush like this." Postcard, 1917. [2004-026-0085]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0085] browse
Soldiers posing next to train with Camp Kelly written on the side of one of the passenger cars (Walter J. Binder is probably the 6th soldier from the left standing), ca.1917. [2004-026-0089]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0089] browse
Soldiers washing and hanging clothes to dry on trucks (Walter J. Binder is probably the soldier hanging clothes 2nd from left),ca.1918. [2004-026-0088]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0088] browse
Walter J. Binder washing clothes in a bucket with cigar in his mouth, ca.1918. [2004-026-0108]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0108] browse
Walter J. Binder in captured German leather helmet with spike, ca.1918. [2004-026-0109]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0109] browse
Walter J. Binder with German grave cross, ca.1918. [2004-026-0009]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0009] browse
Unidentified unit on parade (presumably Walter J. Binder's unit or another unit at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), ca.1918. [2004-026-0111]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0111] browse
Ships at sea (possibly transport in foreground, transport or cargo ship in background, tugboat or minesweeper farther off - probably taken by Walter J. Binder on a troop transport to France), ca.1918. [2004-026-0011]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0011] browse
US soldier in front of a wayside cross (probably Walter J. Binder), ca.1918. [2004-026-0001]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0001] browse
Walter J. Binder posed in dress uniform in chateau grounds, ca.1918. [2004-026-0002]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0002] browse
US soldiers at mess (Walter J. Binder in foreground), ca.1918. [2004-026-0008]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0008] browse
US soldiers playing cards in a field (Walter J. Binder is probably the 1st soldier at the left), ca.1918. [2004-026-0003]
[box/folder: 1/1, item: 0003] browse
f.02
Scope and Contents note:

Construction activity at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France as well as posed photographs and images that were taken as part of the documentation of the construction of the facility. We are unable to determine if Mr. Binder took many of these photographs or just collected them. Some of the images appear in Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service... and were probably taken by several different photographers.

Lt. O.H. Schroedl, Post Adjutant, Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, posed standing outside in dress uniform (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0110]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0110] browse
Major Robert J. Bates, Commanding Officer, Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France (18 Jan - 30 May 1918), posed standing outside with walking stick and in dress uniform (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0114]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0114] browse
US officers (Major Robert J. Bates and Capt. William A. Campbell) posed in front of the barracks erected at Air Service Production Center No. 2, 20 Jan 1918 (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...). [2004-026-0093]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0093] browse
US officers (probably Major Robert J. Bates and Capt. William A. Campbell in foreground - see image #0093) posing in a field with construction work in background (probably a portion of what would become facilities for Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), 1918. [2004-026-0094]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0094] browse
US officers posed in a bare field (probably a portion of what would become facilities for Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France). [2004-026-0092]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0092] browse
US soldiers in a field digging (probably a portion of what would become facilities for Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France). [2004-026-0095]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0095] browse
US soldiers at work in a mostly bare field (probably a portion of what would become Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), 1918. [2004-026-0090]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0090] browse
US soldiers at work on what appears to be the post headquarters at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), 1918. [2004-026-0115]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0115] browse
US soldiers at a lumber yard or wood shop surrounded by cut timber for use in construction (probably for construction of Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), 1918. 2 copies [2004-026-0096]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0096] browse
US soldiers at rest and in leisure poses in front of the completed barracks at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918. [2004-026-0097]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0097] browse
Post headquarters at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, showing a small footbridge in foreground and a flagpole and staff car in the background, 1918. [2004-026-0098]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0098] browse
US soldiers carrying trusses for the construction of Plant 2-A at Air Service Production Center No. 2 (the material for the trusses was fabricated and shipped complete from the United States, see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), Apr 1918. [2004-026-0091]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0091] browse
Plant 2-A at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, upon completion, 14 May 1918 (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...). [2004-026-0116]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0116] browse
Interior of the assembly hall at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, displaying flags of England, France, Japan, Belgium, and America as well as paper lanterns hanging from the ceiling (possibly as decoration for Chinese laborers), 1918. [2004-026-0099]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0099] browse
US soldiers of the 493rd Aero Construction Squadron posing at the side and on top of a barracks building at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918 (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...). [2004-026-0100]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0100] browse
Base Hospital No. 94, Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, interior, operating room, 1918. [2004-026-0102]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0102] browse
Base Hospital No. 94, Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, interior, beds and wards curtained off, 1918. [2004-026-0103]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0103] browse
Base Hospital No. 94, Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, interior, US soldiers in hospital beds and on crutches, 1918. [2004-026-0104]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0104] browse
US soldiers standing guard over a coffin draped with an American flag, 1918. [2004-026-0105]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0105] browse
US soldiers graves at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France (headstones are mostly illegible headstones but the 1st one in the foreground appears to be Pvt. Edwin C. Halsey and the 2nd one may be Pvt. William D. Blair), 1918. [2004-026-0101]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0101] browse
French 400mm rail gun, at rest and covered with camouflage net. A French soldier or officer is leaning against the rail car, ca.1918. [2004-026-0066]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0066] browse
French 400mm rail gun, at rest and covered with camouflage net, ca.1918. [2004-026-0067]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0067] browse
French 400mm rail gun, side view with raised barrel, ca.1918. [2004-026-0068]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0068] browse
French 400mm rail gun, front view with raised barrel, ca.1918. [2004-026-0069]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0069] browse
Nieuport 12 two seater trainer overturned, No. 871 (probably on the airfield at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), ca.1918. [2004-026-0070]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0070] browse
Nieuport 12 two seater trainer overturned, No. 871, soldier posed at front (probably on the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France)ca.1918. [2004-026-0071]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0071] browse
Caquot observation balloon being filled, view from the right front with French non-commissioned officer in foreground, ca.1918. [2004-026-0072]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0072] browse
Caquot observation balloon being filled, view from the front left with soldier on a ladder on the far side, ca.1918. [2004-026-0073]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0073] browse
Caquot observation balloon being pulled from cover, ca.1918. [2004-026-0074]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0074] browse
Caquot observation balloon being carried by soldiers in open ground in preparation for raising, ca.1918. [2004-026-0075]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0075] browse
Caquot observation balloon being raised, ca.1918. [2004-026-0076]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0076] browse
Caquot observation balloon rising with basket visible, ca.1918. [2004-026-0077]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0077] browse
Caquot observation balloon aflame in midair, ca.1918. [2004-026-0078]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0078] browse
Caquot observation balloon in flames on the ground with soldiers approaching, ca.1918. [2004-026-0079]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0079] browse
Caquot observation balloon in flames on the ground with soldiers at the crash site, ca.1918. [2004-026-0080]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0080] browse
US soldiers posing in front of two wagon (the soldier kneeling at the left appears to have an insignia for "Enlisted Men, Signal Corps" on his right sleeve), ca.1918. [2004-026-0081]
[box/folder: 1/2, item: 0081] browse
f.03
Scope and Contents note:

Aircraft assembly at Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France and related photographs.

US officer and US soldiers testing altimeters for the DH-4 in the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0064]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0064] browse
US soldiers assembling a DH-4 in the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France. This view shows assembly of the landing gear (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0065]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0065] browse
US soldiers assembling the fuselages of a DH-4 in the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France. This view is showing the method of aligning the ship (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0052]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0052] browse
US soldiers work on engine and props for DH-4 in the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France. This view shows the motor assembly operation (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0053]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0053] browse
Wing sections of a DH-4 being removed from a shipping crate at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918. [2004-026-0049]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0049] browse
Hangar full of DH-4 fuselages in process of assembly (mostly complete) at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France. It shows a French female worker in left lower corner and is labeled "Fuselage assembly - View B, Day Plant 1.A," (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 31 Aug 1918. [2004-026-0051]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0051] browse
DH-4 assembled fuselage without wings or tail section, crew at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, is engaged in fine tuning landing struts. The caption in Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service... reads "Assembling Liberty Planes," 1918. 2 copies [2004-026-0050]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0050] browse
DH-4 being inspected by US soldiers (probably Production Center staff, ground crew, and pilots). Labeled on the front "Romorantin, May 17, 1918." [2004-026-0047]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0047] browse
DH 4 with pilot Lt. H.C. Boricon (one of the first pilots at the Production Center to fly the DH 4 with a Liberty motor) and an unidentified US soldier or pilot posed in front of the right hand wings (probably on the airfield at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), 1918. [2004-026-0048]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0048] browse
DH-4 taking off (probably on Flying Field No. 1 at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France). The caption in Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service... says "Trial Flight," 1918. [2004-026-0055]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0055] browse
DH-4 wrecked with tail in the air, appears to have run into a ditch, as fuselage has no tears from bullets in it and aircraft appears undamaged other than its precarious position (probably on Flying Field No.1 at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), 1918. [2004-026-0056]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0056] browse
DH-4 "I am Ship No. 1000" upon assembly in France (probably on Flying Field No. 1 at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France. See a published photograph of this aircraft's fuselage in America prior to shipment see: The Official Pictorial History of the Army Air Forces, Historical Office of the Army Air Forces, New York, 1979), 1918. 2 copies [2004-026-0054]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0054] browse
Large wooden crates that contain DH-4 fuselages with Liberty motors and shown her still loaded on French railroad flatcars (see Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service...), 1918. [2004-026-0062]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0062] browse
Spare Parts Warehouse No. 1 at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France showing a US soldiers standing among wooden crates filled with Liberty motors just before the armistice. The warehouse was 48' X 504' and was built with English steel and had corrugated iron walls and roof. The caption for this image in Gorrell's History of the AEF Air Service... reads, in part, "Perhaps the Boche saw this picture," Nov 1918. [2004-026-0063]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0063] browse
Captured German observation aircraft LVG C.V. It has a half-moon with an eye painted on the fuselage, ca.1918. [2004-026-0057]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0057] browse
Wings of captured German aircraft (possibly a Fokker or Albatross) shown on a railway flatcar, ca.1918. [2004-026-0058]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0058] browse
Nieuport 24 with fuselage art depicting US soldiers on a battlefield (probably on Flying Field No. 1 at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France), ca.1918. [2004-026-0059]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0059] browse
Nieuport 24 with fuselage art depicting a US soldier on horseback with two pistols, shooting at a wolf, ca.1918. [2004-026-0060]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0060] browse
Fokker D.VII aircraft labeled "Captured Fokker plane, September 11, 1918." [2004-026-0061]
[box/folder: 1/3, item: 0061] browse
f.04
Scope and Contents note:

Postcards and postcard booklets that we presume Mr. Binder collected between May 1918 and March 1919. The quotations for these postcards in this folder are from Binder's notes on the back. The dates on these are probably the date that Mr. Binder purchased the cards rather than the date of the images, so, the postcards have been dated as ca.1918.

Jeanne d'Arc "A copy of a painting, July 21, 1918." [2004-026-0034]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0034] browse
Orleans - La Rue de la Republique, La Banque de France. "Orleans, France, Republic Street and the Bank of France, July 21, 1918." [2004-026-0035]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0035] browse
Orleans, Caserne Coligny, faubourg Bannier. "Coligne Barracks at the outskirts of Bannier (a suburb of Orleans), July 21 1918." [2004-026-0036]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0036] browse
Paysage du Berry - Carrefour de la Croix de Mission de Bagneux. "Crossroads of the Cross of the Bayeaux Mission. These crucifixes are quite common at country roads, October 2, 1918." ( 2004-026-0037]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0037] browse
Villefranche-sur-Cher - Quartier de la Croix "Notice the well just behind the cross. Incident of the old woman and her pail and bucket, June 9, 1918." [2004-026-0038]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0038] browse
Villefranche-sur-Cher - L'Eglise "12th century church. Built by the owner of the castle (Photo herewith), June 9, 1918." [2004-026-0039]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0039] browse
En Sologne, Charbonnier en Foret "A forest charcoal burner. Note the home-made tools, Oct. 2, 1918." [2004-026-0040]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0040] browse
Romorantin - Bateau -Lavoir "The public wash-boat. Here all the women bring their laundry and wash it in the river. A power laundry, or the use of soap, doesn't seem to be known in this part of the country at all. Notice the man fishing in 20 inches of water for 5 in. chubs. Quite ordinary, Oct. 2, 1918." [2004-026-0041]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0041] browse
Romorantin - Au Marche, Marchande "A market woman showing her wares. Notice the inevitable bottle of pinard, Oct. 2, 1918." [2004-026-0042]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0042] browse
Romorantin - Rue Delavarenne "A view of the main street of Romorantin, showing about how many people are usually out. Of course, on Wednesdays (market day) and Sundays (since our arrival the streets are crowded, Oct. 2, 1918." [2004-026-0043]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0043] browse
Romorantin - L'Avenue de la Gare "This is a front view of the station. It is almost time for the noon train, otherwise there would not be near so many people around, Oct. 2, 1918." [2004-026-0044]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0044] browse
Postcard booklet (only the cover has been scanned) "Les Ruines de Ham" (The Ruins of Ham), ca.1918. (The postcards in the booklet bear the phrase "Souvenons-nous" (we remember) on the upper right corner of each postcard. The postcards depict various streets and city structures (for example, town halls or chateaus) destroyed or damaged by the German retreat of 1918. Each bears a caption in French and poorly translated English). [2004-026-0125]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0125] browse
Postcard booklet "Chauny - Dynamite'par les Allemands" (Chauny - Dynamited by the Germans), ca.1918. (The postcards in the booklet bear the phrase "Souvenons-nous" (we remember) on the upper right corner of each postcard. The postcards depict various streets and city structures (for example, town halls or chateaus) destroyed or damaged by the German retreat of 1918. Each bears a caption in French and poorly translated English). [2004-026-0126]
[box/folder: 1/4, item: 0126] browse
f.05
Scope and Contents note:

A series of photographs that we believe were taken by Mr. Binder but may also include some that he collected (the photo of General Pershing would be a good example). There are a few images that appear to be a group of officers visiting Monaco and we presume that Mr. Binder, then Sgt. Binder, may have accompanied them as a personal photographer but that is only speculation.

US General John J. Pershing talking to French Marshal Joseph Joffre, ca.1918. [2004-026-0113]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0113] browse
US soldier on pile of rubble in a war damaged town, ca.1918. [2004-026-0013]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0013] browse
War damaged town with ruined building overgrown with weeds on a dirt street, ca.1918. [2004-026-0014]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0014] browse
US officers in front of a house with a sign reading "La Buissonniere." ca.1918. [2004-026-0028]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0028] browse
Unidentified chateau in France, ca.1918. [2004-026-0029]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0029] browse
Unidentified house within a wall in France, ca.1918. [2004-026-0030]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0030] browse
Town church with scaffolding on bell tower, ca.1918. [2004-026-0018]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0018] browse
French women and children washing clothes at riverside, ca.1918. [2004-026-0019]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0019] browse
French woman standing beside a rural house "One of the older houses. Rather numerous - from two to five hundred years old, June 23, 1918." 2 copies [2004-026-0020]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0020] browse
War damaged buildings on a ruined street, ca.1918. [2004-026-0010]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0010] browse
US soldier with steel helmet standing on a street in a war damaged town, ca.1918. [2004-026-0012]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0012] browse
Unidentified truck with ruined town in the background. There is a signpost in this image, with a saddled horse tied to it, that reads "Essey, Pannes, Beney" and that has a directional arrow, ca.1918. [2004-026-0017]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0017] browse
Chateau de Moulin exterior, ca.1918. [2004-026-0004]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0004] browse
Chateau de Moulin exterior (closer view than 0004), ca.1918. [2004-026-0007]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0007] browse
French women washing at riverside, ca.1918. [2004-026-0005]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0005] browse
War damaged buildings along a dirt road, ca.1918. [2004-0006]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0006] browse
"Chateau near Pruniers, Residence of Le Major, April 1918." [2004-026-0021]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0021] browse
Path beside tree-lined canal somewhere in France, ca.1918. [2004-026-0025]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0025] browse
Street and intersection with a few pedestrians in Nice, with the seaside casino in the background, ca.1918. [2004-026-0026]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0026] browse
Casino on the jete in Nice along the "Promenade des anglais," ca.1918. [2004-026-0027]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0027] browse
US officers and possibly an ANZAC officer posing in an alley at Saint-Paul de Vence with a civilian in a white hat and two dogs (different place than 0023), ca.1918. [2004-026-0022]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0022] browse
US officers and possibly an ANZAC officer posing in an alley at Saint-Paul de Vence with a civilian in a white hat and two dogs (different place than 0022), ca.1918. [2004-026-0023]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0023] browse
US officers and possibly an ANZAC at a seaside cafe in Nice. This image also shows a woman seated at the table and their waiter, ca.1918. [2004-026-0024]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0024] browse
French women in a donkey cart on a paved road "A very common type of cart, June 23, 1918." [2004-026-0015]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0015] browse
French man in a horse drawn cart on a dirt road in a village or town, ca.1918. [2004-026-0016]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0016] browse
Waterfront park, probably the Jardin des Tuiliers in Paris (near the Place de la Concorde), with people on a pier along the far bank and a train or tram in the background under the trees, ca.1918. [2004-026-0031]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0031] browse
Exhibition of captured German war materiel in the Place de la Concorde, Paris, with two late-war Albatross or Fokker fighter planes and Maxim machine gun on sled mount, ca.1918. [2004-026-0032]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0032] browse
Exhibition of captured German war materiel in the Place de la Concorde, Paris, with front ends of several different aircraft and a vast assortment of artillery and field pieces spread all over the square. Visible pieces are German 77mm light field guns, but several other pieces of varying calibers extend throughout the background of the photograph, ca.1918. [2004-026-0033]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0033] browse
L'Arc du Triumph with a sign that reads, in part, "Societe Centrale" (a French bank) and "SOUSCRIVEZ" (Subscribe), ca.1918. [2004-026-0045]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0045] browse
Gazebo prominently displaying American flag, ca.1918. [2004-026-0046]
[box/folder: 1/5, item: 0046] browse
f.06
Scope and Contents note:

There is an article that describes the history of Chinese laborers from Shantung Province, China, in the Research File, f.10. 100,000 of these men worked in various places in manual labor and technical occupations behind Allied lines in France.

Chinese laborers and US soldiers posing in and around partially completed ditch that may be part of some type of defensive works or a portion of what would become facilities for Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918. [2004-026-0117]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0117] browse
Chinese laborers posing in loose parade order in front of the completed or nearly completed barracks at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918. [2004-026-0118]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0118] browse
Chinese laborers posed digging with picks & shovels beside the completed or nearly completed barracks at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918. [2004-026-0119]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0119] browse
Chinese laborers and a US soldier posed with logging tools among felled trees at the Air Service Production Center No. 2, Romorantin, France, 1918. [2004-026-0120]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0120] browse
Chinese laborers standing shoulder to shoulder in a pose that the photographer has labeled "A study in Oriental expressions, May 1918." [2004-026-0121]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0121] browse
Chinese laborers posed standing on a dirt road and labeled on the back by the photographer "Types, April 1918." [2004-026-0122]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0122] browse
US soldiers and French soldiers posed seated in an office. Labeled on the back by the photographer "The Chinese Office. Left to Right. "Baldwin - checker; Mon pere - a priest-soldier who represents the French interests; Provost - clerk; Bernardi - clerk. June 23, 1918." [2004-026-0123]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0123] browse
Chinese laborers, US soldiers and French soldiers posed standing and seated in a semi-circle with the US, French and Chinese flags, 1918. [2004-026-0124]
[box/folder: 1/6, item: 0124] browse
f.07
Certificate of appointment for non-commissioned officer (N.C.O.). This certificate appoints Walter J. Binder to the rank of Sergeant 1st Class on March 1, 1918. [2004-026-0127]
[box/folder: 1/7, item: 0127] browse
f.08
Certification of honorable discharge, May 23, 1919. Discharges Walter J. Binder from service as Sergeant 1st Class, 487th Aero Squadron, at Camp Sherman, OH. [2004-026-0128 and 2004-026-0129]
[box/folder: 1/8, item: 0128 and 2004-026-0129]
f.09
Leather case that held the discharge certificate and is embossed "Honorable Discharge, U.S. Army," 1919. (not scanned)
[box/folder: 1/9]
Sheet of paper that initially came with the leather case. It reads "Keep your discharge clean. A discharge from the service is a lifetime honor...," 1919. [2004-026-130]
[box/folder: 1/9, item: 130] browse
f.10
Research file (not part of original donation). Article: Britains's Chinese Labor Corps in World War I, Military Affairs Vol. 40, No. 3 (Oct 1976), pp. 102-108. Biographical information provided by Mary Jean Giltner. Copy of newspaper article quoting Walter J. Binder, entitled "Economy and Thrift in France," writes Newport soldier
[box/folder: 1/10]

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